who--Greek, "the which": such persons as. do it--"watch for your soul's eternal salvation." ( B) Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby. 25. Some take the idea of the everlasting covenant to express the covenant that existed before the foundation of the world between the Persons of the Godhead, working together for the salvation of man. brought again from the dead--Greek, "brought up," &c.: God brought the Shepherd; the Shepherd shall bring the flock. bound with them--by virtue of the unity of the members in the body under one Head, Christ ( 1 Corinthians 12:26 ). Have entertained angels unawares — So may an unknown guest, even now, be of more worth than he appears, and may have angels attending him, though unseen. whose faith--even unto death: probably death by martyrdom, as in the case of the instances of faith in Hebrews 11:35 . . “What proceeds from the lips is regarded as fruit, which reveals the character of its source, as the fruit of a tree reveals the nature of the tree.” (Guthrie), ii. sanctify — Though not brought into the temple “sanctuary” (Hebrews 13:11) His blood has been brought into the heavenly sanctuary, and “sanctifies the people” (Hebrews 2:11, Hebrews 2:17), by cleansing them from sin, and consecrating them to God. in all --"in the case of all men": "among all." Now may the God of peace: In this blessing God is first recognized in His attributes: peace, power (brought up our Lord Jesus from the dead), loving care (that great Shepherd), and ever giving love (the blood of the everlasting covenant). "Jesus Christ, yesterday and to-day (is) the same, and (shall be the same) unto the ages (that is, unto all ages)." CHRYSOSTOM was deeply struck with these words, as he tells us [On the Priesthood, 6], "The fear of this threat continually agitates my soul." well-pleasing in his sight--( Isaiah 53:10 , Ephesians 5:10 ). The Lord's table represents this altar, the cross; as the bread and wine represent the sacrifice offered on it. He would not conclude without mentioning 'the connecting link between the two truths mainly discussed; the one perfect sacrifice and the continual priestly intercession--the depth of His humiliation and the height of His glory--the "altar" of the cross and the ascension to the heavenly Holy of Holies. The "blood" was the seal of the everlasting covenant entered into between the Father and Son; in virtue of the Son's blood, first Christ was raised, then Christ's people shall be so ( Zechariah 9:11 , seemingly referred to here; Acts 20:28 ). We also please God with sacrifice when we, Obey those who rule over you, and be submissive, Let them do so with joy and not with grief, for that would be unprofitable for you, Pray for us; for we are confident that we have a good conscience, in all things desiring to live honorably. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Two manifestations of "brotherly love," hospitality and care for those in bonds. Faith is just having confidence is all God says. 13. therefore--This "therefore" breathes the deliberate fortitude of believers [BENGEL]. c. Let them do so with joy and not with grief, for that would be unprofitable for you: Cooperative conduct is not only a joy to leaders, but it is profitable for the whole body. Hebrews 13:1 Let brotherly love continue. i. I especially urge you to do this: As far as the writer to the Hebrews was concerned their prayers determined if and when he is reunited with them. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Literally, "rightly," "becomingly.". So the doctrine is the same, not variable: this verse thus forms the transition between Hebrews 13:7 and Hebrews 13:9 . By him--as the Mediator of our prayers and praises ( John 14:13 John 14:14 ); not by Jewish observances ( Psalms 50:14 Psalms 50:23 , Psalms 69:30 Psalms 69:31 , 107:22 , 116:17 ). For by so doing some have unwittingly entertained angels, Remember the prisoners as if chained with them, Marriage is honorable among all, and the bed undefiled, But fornicators and adulterers God will judge, Let your conduct be without covetousness; be content, Not that I speak in regard to need, for I have learned in whatever state I am, to be content: I know how to be abased, and I know how to abound. On the seeming inconsistency with Galatians 6:11 , compare Note. τὴν μέλλουσαν] sc. This threefold mention of the rulers is peculiar to this Epistle. The same in the Old and in the New Testament. I wonder whether it be possible that any of the rulers should be saved [CHRYSOSTOM]. the end--the termination, at death. bearing--as Simon of Cyrene did. Others, especially Romanists, translate, "in all things," as in Hebrews 13:18 . for--Greek, "in behalf of." through Jesus Christ" ( Philippians 1:11 ). 13 Let. Keith Simons. Also the First Century Jewish writer Philo spoke of a time when the best sacrifice would be the ones glorifying God with hymns. i. He's still on the throne. 14. here--on earth. Pray for us--Paul usually requests the Church's intercessions for him in closing his Epistles, just as he begins with assuring them of his having them at heart in his prayers (but in this Epistle not till Hebrews 13:20 Hebrews 13:21 ), Romans 15:30 . honestly--"in a good way." Amen." He will neither withdraw His presence ("never leave thee") nor His help ("nor forsake thee") [BENGEL]. Obey them that have the rule over you--(Compare Hebrews 13:7 Hebrews 13:24 ). 1 Let brotherly love continue. But Hebrews 13:21 , "through Jesus Christ." i. i. Starting with Hebrews 13:10, the writer lapses into figurative language, drawing on images from the Old Testament that these false teachers wanted so strongly to impose. Greet all those who rule over you, and all the saints. of Remember--in prayers and acts of kindness. Let every apostle that comes to you be received as the Lord. The Jesus Christ (the full name being given, to mark with affectionate solemnity both His person and His office) who supported your spiritual rulers through life even unto their end "yesterday" (in times past), being at once "the Author and the Finisher of their faith" ( Hebrews 12:2 ), remains still the same Jesus Christ "to-day," ready to help you also, if like them you walk by "faith" in Him. For instance, he appealed to the Hebrews to let brotherly love blossom, to honor the sacrament of marriage, to be content with what they have, be welcoming to strangers, and to … for--reason why they who serve the tabernacle, are excluded from share in Christ; because His sacrifice is not like one of those sacrifices in which they had a share but answers to one which was "wholly burned" outside (the Greek is "burnt completely," "consumed by burning"), and which consequently they could not eat of. i. 10. we trust we have a good conscience--in spite of your former jealousies, and the charges of my Jewish enemies at Jerusalem, which have been the occasion of my imprisonment at Rome. We are simply told to obey those who rule over us. This clause, "the blood of the everlasting covenant," is a summary retrospect of the Epistle (compare Hebrews 9:12 ). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. The power of Jesus' redemption and the indwelling Spirit has removed the fear of God and shame of past sins and replaced them with a joy, peace, confidence, … Hebrews 13:14. everlasting--The everlastingness of the covenant necessitated the resurrection. suffered without the gate" of ceremonial Judaism, of which His crucifixion outside the gate of Jerusalem is a type. Whatever good we do, God does in us. a. For, Do not be carried about with various and strange doctrines, For it is good that the heart be established by grace, not with foods which have not profited those who have been occupied with them, We have an altar from which those who serve the tabernacle have no right to eat, Jesus… suffered outside the gate. Discussion of the author’s identity dates back to the second century, but convincing evidence was lacking even then. Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so, : The writer to the Hebrews used the ancient Greek word, : This is a simple and practical way that. For some unknown reason the author remains anonymous to us, though he was known to his original readers (13:23). It is used in Revelation 22:21 , written subsequently, and in CLEMENT OF ROME. Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. And every prophet that speaks in the Spirit you shall neither try nor judge; for every sin shall be forgiven, but this one sin shall not be forgiven. with such--and not mere ritualistic sacrifices. What was said to them, extends also to us. an altar--the cross of Christ, whereon His body was offered. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. He says here "all," for the Hebrews whom he addresses were not all in one place, though the Jerusalem Hebrews are chiefly addressed. And I appeal to you, brethren, bear with the word of exhortation, for I have written to you in few words. Leviticus 6:30 , gives the general rule, "No sin offering whereof any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile withal in the holy place, shall be eaten; it shall be burnt in the fire." If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. These all — Namely, Abraham and Sarah, with their children, Isaac and Jacob; died in faith — Believing that God would fulfil his promises; but not having received the promises — That is, the things promised, for which the word promises is here put by a usual metonymy. It seems to me that a dumb Christian, a man who is thankful for Christ’s sacrifice and never feels the need to say so, is as great an anomaly as either of these I have described.” (Maclaren), iii. “So, then, we are to utter the praises of God, and it is not sufficient to feel adoring emotions.” (Spurgeon). So Paul exhorts, 1 Thessalonians 5:12 1 Thessalonians 5:13 . 13:4–5). b. his own--not blood of animals. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. The transition is natural from their earthly pastors ( Hebrews 13:17 ), to the Chief Pastor, as in 1 Peter 5:1-4 . the sanctuary--here the Holy of Holies, into which the blood of the sin offering was brought on the day of atonement. 7. 11, 12. . "Remember" your deceased rulers ( Hebrews 13:7 ). Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. . You can also change some of your preferences. The sin offerings are twofold: the outward, whose blood was sprinkled on the outward altar, and of whose bodies the priests might eat; and the inward, the reverse. Hebrews 13:8 - "Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and forever." suffer adversity--Greek, "are in evil state." “Yourselves”: Believers should be able to identify with the suffering of others because they also suffer physical (“in the body”), pain and hardship. If one does not himself marry, he should not prevent others from doing so. Stephen, James the brother of our Lord and bishop of Jerusalem, as well as James the brother of John ( Acts 12:2 ), in the Palestinian Church, which Paul addresses, suffered martyrdom. In other Epistles Paul includes the rulers in his exhortations. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. 2. Here are earnest exhortations to … 3. 6. may--rather as Greek, expressing confidence actually realized, "So that we boldly (confidently) say" ( Psalms 56:4 Psalms 56:11 , 118:6 ). Christianity and Judaism are so totally distinct, that "they who serve the (Jewish) tabernacle," have no right to eat our spiritual Gospel meat, namely, the Jewish priests, and those who follow their guidance in serving the ceremonial ordinance. Praise that pleases God is the fruit of our lips, more than just thoughts directed towards God. Being known to be his badge, it is not used by others in his lifetime. His office, as the Anointed of the Spirit, making Him the medium of communicating the Spirit to us, the holy unction flowing down from the Head on the members (compare Acts 2:36 ). Click on the different category headings to find out more. 1-6 For brotherly love see: Romans 12:10; 1 Thessalonians 4:9-10; 1 Peter 1:22; and 2 Peter 1:7. "As night comes between yesterday and to-day, and yet night itself is swallowed up by yesterday and to-day, so the "suffering" did not so interrupt the glory of Jesus Christ which was of yesterday, and that which is to-day, as not to continue to be the same. one to come--( Hebrews 2:5 , Hebrews 11:10 Hebrews 11:14 Hebrews 11:16 , 12:22 , Philippians 3:20 ). If you are a born again Christian, this basic truth is still true. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. 20. This verse is not, as some read it, in apposition with "the end of their conversation" ( Hebrews 13:7 ), but forms the transition. Paul implies that if Timothy shall not come shortly, he will start on his journey to the Hebrews at once. Salem Media Group. shepherd of the sheep--A title familiar to his Hebrew readers, from their Old Testament ( Isaiah 63:11 ; Septuagint): primarily Moses, antitypically Christ: already compared together, Hebrews 3:2-7 . a. Pray for us: The writer to the Hebrews considered it important that others pray for him. his own — not blood of animals. Grace be with you all. [BENGEL]. I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee--A promise tantamount to this was given to Jacob ( Genesis 28:15 ), to Israel ( Deuteronomy 31:6 Deuteronomy 31:8 ), to Joshua ( Joshua 1:5 ), to Solomon ( 1 Chronicles 28:20 ). What can man do to me?”, Remember those who rule over you, who have spoken the word of God to you, whose faith follow, considering the outcome of, Do not be carried about with various and strange doctrines. Parting Words. It is for our own sake that we should obey and submit to God-appointed leaders. i. ὧδε] here upon earth. Erroneously Heinrichs: in the earthly Jerusalem. Few, in an Epistle which is more of a treatise than an Epistle (compare 1 Peter 5:12 ). EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). b. sanctify--Though not brought into the temple "sanctuary" ( Hebrews 13:11 ) His blood has been brought into the heavenly sanctuary, and "sanctifies the people" ( Hebrews 2:11 Hebrews 2:17 ), by cleansing them from sin, and consecrating them to God. This is a case where the grammar of one language (Greek) doesn't fit well with another language (English). 17. 12. Willing to give, he utters this most wonderful prayer for them. But--But the sacrifice of praise with the lips ( Hebrews 13:15 ) is not enough; there must be also doing good (beneficence) and communicating (that is, imparting a share of your means, Galatians 6:6 ) to the needy. Hebrews 13:8, KJV: "Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever." BIRKS translates, "dismissed," "sent away," namely, on a mission to Greece, as Paul promised ( Philippians 2:19 ). Remember Your Leaders and Imitate Their Faith (Hebrews 13:7) Hebrews 13:8. But not everyone that speaks in the Spirit is a prophet; but only if he holds the ways of the Lord. Let brotherly love continue. are burned without the camp," so "Jesus also that . Not: we men in general. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Praise and worship are important, but the Christian’s obligation does not end there. Here only in the Epistle he mentions the resurrection. Not unconscious and forgetful of the duty, they have unconsciously brought on themselves the blessing. Proud member The God of peace by giving unity of true doctrine, will unite them in mutual love. without the gate--of Jerusalem; as if unworthy of the society of the covenant-people. He closes as he began ( Hebrews 1:1-14 ), with giving glory to Christ. Everywhere and in all things I have learned both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need. CONCLUSION, WITH PIECES OF INTELLIGENCE AND SALUTATIONS. Hebrews 13:4 Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge. 2 Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. That not a literal eating of the sacrifice of Christ is meant in the Lord's Supper, but a spiritual is meant, appears from comparing Hebrews 13:9 with Hebrews 13:10 , "with GRACE, NOT with MEATS.". Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Compare "this same Jesus," Acts 1:11 . It is a perilous responsibility for a man to have to give account for others' deeds, who is not sufficient for his own [ESTIUS, from AQUINAS]. Lord Jesus--the title marking His person and His Lordship over us. So Aristarchus was imprisoned with Paul. He contrasts with the Jews, who serve an earthly sanctuary, the Christians to whom the altar in heaven stands open, while it is closed against the Jews. strange--foreign to the truth. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Only the Levite priests could eat … Paul, though now at large, was still in Italy, whence he sends the salutations of Italian Christians ( Hebrews 13:24 ), waiting for Timothy to join him, so as to start for Jerusalem: we know from 1 Timothy 1:3 , he and Timothy were together at Ephesus after his departing from Italy eastward. All rights reserved. Perhaps the writer to the Hebrews means in Hebrews 13:22 that he gives his readers a written sermon. It indicates continuous activity and implies that they were already praying for him. 1. brotherly love--a distinct special manifestation of "charity" or "love" ( 2 Peter 1:7 ). "Mitigate their toil by every office of attention and respect, that with alacrity, rather than with grief, they may fulfil their duty, arduous enough in itself, even though no unpleasantness be added on your part" [GROTIUS]. to whom--to Christ. However, some kind of previous detention is implied before his being let go to Philippi. The Church of Jerusalem, to which in part this Epistle was addressed, was distinguished by this grace, we know from Acts (compare Hebrews 6:10 , 10:32-34 , Hebrews 12:12 Hebrews 12:13 ). Hebrews 11:13. There is a play on the same Greek word, Be not forgetful and unaware; let not the duty of hospitality to strangers escape you; for, by entertaining strangers, it has escaped the entertainers that they were entertaining angels. I. they--on their part; so the Greek. (Hebrews 13:15) "May the God of peace, who through the blood of the eternal covenant brought back from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, equip you with everything good for doing his will, and may he work in us what is pleasing to him, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory for ever and ever. 7. But the warning being against lasciviousness, the contrast to "whoremongers and adulterers" in the parallel clause, requires the "in all" in this clause to refer to persons. 15. The earthly Jerusalem proved to be no "abiding city," having been destroyed shortly after this Epistle was written, and with it fell the Jewish civil and religious polity; a type of the whole of our present earthly order of things soon to perish. Some— Abraham and Lot. Compare Ezekiel 34:23 and Jesus' own words, John 10:2 John 10:11 John 10:14 . Hebrews 13:3 Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body. Therefore from their ways shall the false prophet and the true prophet be known. The love of filthy lust and the love of filthy lucre follow one another as closely akin, both alienating the heart from the Creator to the creature. Now this is just what might be expected when the apostle of the Gentiles was writing to the Palestine Christians, among whom James and the eleven apostles had exercised a more immediate authority. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Wherefore Jesus--In order that the Antitype might fulfil the type. entertained angels unawares--Abraham and Lot did so ( Genesis 18:2 , 19:1 ). "Obey" your living rulers; nay, more, not only obey in cases where no sacrifice of self is required, and where you are persuaded they are right (so the Greek, for "obey"), but "submit yourselves" as a matter of dutiful yielding, when your judgment and natural will incline you in an opposite direction. He who yesterday (proverbial for the past time) suffered and died, is to-day in glory ( Revelation 1:18 ). https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-general-epistles “A teacher should teach us to submit to God, not to himself.” (Chuck Smith). Know that, Bear with the word of exhortation, for I have written to you in few words, Know that our brother Timothy has been set free, with whom I shall see you if he comes shortly, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Those from Italy greet you. have spoken unto you--"spake" (so the Greek aorist means) during their lifetime. See that it continue with you. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Greek: dio kai Iesous, ina agiase dia tou idiou aimatos ton laon, exo tes pules epathen. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. without the camp--in which were the tabernacle and Levitical priests and legal worshippers, during Israel's journey through the wilderness; replaced afterwards by Jerusalem (containing the temple), outside of whose walls Jesus was crucified. It was important he should not seem to set himself in opposition to their guides, but rather strengthen their hands; he claims no authority directly or indirectly over these rulers themselves [BIRKS]. ( D) Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them, and those who are mistreated, since you also are in the body. a. To obviate the natural distrust felt of strangers, Paul says, an unknown guest may be better than he looks: he may be unexpectedly found to be as much a messenger of God for good, as the angels (whose name means messenger) are; nay more, if a Christian, he represents Christ Himself. b. 3 Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; and them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body. Greet all those who rule over you, and all the saints. through the blood--Greek, "in," in virtue of the blood ( Hebrews 2:9 ); it was because of His bloody death for us, that the Father raised and crowned Him with glory. His desire was to write a word of exhortation to encourage discouraged Christians, both then and now. Hebrews Chapter 13 Exhortations. Concluding Exhortations. 4. The Judaizing of the Hebrews was calculated to sow seeds of discord among them, of disobedience to their pastors ( Hebrews 13:17 ), and of alienation towards Paul. (Hebrews 13:20-21) must give account--The strongest stimulus to watchfulness ( Mark 13:34-37 ). i. In refutation of the Jews' aspersions, he asserts in the same language as here his own conscientiousness before God and man, Acts 23:1-3 , Acts 24:16 Acts 24:20 Acts 24:21 (wherein he virtually implies that his reply to Ananias was not sinful impatience; for, indeed, it was a prophecy which he was inspired at the moment to utter, and which was fulfilled soon after). Sadly, some take the idea of submission to leaders in the church much too far. Obey those who rule over you, and be submissive, for they watch out for your souls, as those who must give account. It is found in no Epistle written by any other apostle in Paul's lifetime. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. It also tells us that his readers were based in Italy (Those from Italy greet you), probably in the city of Rome. Money Matters (Hebrews 13:5-6) Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project The second work-related exhortation in chapter 13 concerns the love of money: “Keep your lives free from the love of money, and be content with what you have; for he has said, ‘I will never leave you or forsake you’” (Heb. b. is set at liberty--from prison. As those who must give account: We obey and submit to our leaders because God put them in a place of responsibility and accountability over us. And when the apostle goes away, let him take nothing but bread… but if he asks for money, he is a false prophet. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. So God will be provoked to avenge on you their "groaning" (Greek). 22. suffer the word--The Hebrews not being the section of the Church assigned to Paul (but the Gentiles), he uses gentle entreaty, rather than authoritative command. 1 Keep on loving one another as brothers and sisters. Hebrews 13:3 "Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; [and] them which suffer adversity, as being yourselves also in the body." In English, "do good" and "share" are action verbs, but in Greek they are nouns. This shows how seriously he regarded their prayers for him. 2 Do not forget to show hospitality to strangers, for by so doing some people have shown hospitality to angels without knowing it. After asking his readers to pray for him, the writer to the Hebrews prays for his readers. of their conversation--"manner of life": "religious walk" ( Galatians 1:13 , Ephesians 4:22 , 1 Timothy 4:12 , 3:13 ). Scripture: Hebrews 13:1-8, Luke 6:31, 1 Timothy 6:6-8, 1 Corinthians 11:1, Hebrews 13:17, Matthew 28:20 (view more) (view less) Denomination: Baptist