It is also called reported speech. Direct and Indirect Speech of Simple Present Tense We often convey a message or give information about what someone said, thought or felt to somebody else. • When we report a statement, we use reported verbs such as say, tell, explain, … Study examples below and solve direct and indirect speech past simple tense exercises. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Tense ChangeAs a rule, when you report something that someone has said you go back a tense, therefore, when we report what someone has said we go one tense back. If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech, check out more in the book below. Example: “The ship is sinking,” said the captain. Indirect She said the test was difficult. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits. We just put 'she says' and then the sentence: Direct speech: I like ice cream. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech He said that he was living in Paris. 1. Example: He said, "I might arrive late." He said he bought a car. In this case,there is no changeIn this case,Past Perfect of Direct Speech remains Past Perfect of Indirect SpeechThe teenager said"I had pizza for lunch"-a-The teenager said that he had pizza for lunch-ea-The rich man said"I had 2 private jets-a-The rich man said that he had 2 private jets-ea-Father 2. I asked him, “Haven’t you been working on this project lately?”. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. He said that he had worked over his project. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. We will learn in this lesson about how to solve such questions, we will see examples and solve an exercise for better understanding. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Indirect speech is introduced using certain reporting verbs that introduce a statement or an opinion. I’m an instructor who teaches ESL. Affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples. Examples: Frank said, "My sister is a secretary." In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. He said, ‘‘I am not a thief.’’ He said that he was not a thief. Here’s what you need…, 10 Educational Games for Students – Online Digital…, Reason Why You Need to Acquire Microsoft AZ-103…, Install & Configure Remote Desktop Services on Server…, How to Fix Network Discovery Turn Off on…, Perform Bulk Active Directory Operations Using Dsadd On…, Direct and indirect speech complete rules, Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers, Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense, Quantifiers: A lot of, Lots of, Plenty of, Few, A Few, Little, A little, 5 Best Websites for Learning English in 2019. Direct: He said, “He is not a culprit.” Indirect: He said that he was not a culprit. To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. Indirect speech allows us to report what someone else said. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If Direct is Simple Present→In Indirect, it becomes Simple Past.ExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I live in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "live"In Indirect Speech, we use "lived"QuestionsHe said "I like ice cream"-a-He said that he liked ice creamExp The tenses generally move backwards in this way: Present Simple Tense into Past Simple Tense. The direct question is in the present simple tense. Instead we use past perfect tense in reported speech instead of present perfect tense. Will I’II see you later. You might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach. She says, “I am sick.” She says that she is sick. She wanted to know where I had been those days. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers. Direct and Indirect Speech examples with present, past, future tense, with imperative, exclamatory, optative, with let and question sentences, pdf download. He said that he was living in Paris. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She says/will say, ‘I am going’ Indirect: She says/will say she is going. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. Remember that Present indefinite tense changes into past indefinite tense. a) Direct: He says/will say, “I am unwell.” b) Indirect: He says/will say he is unwell. 24 Direct and Indirect Speech Examples with Tenses Tense Direct Speech Indirect Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. For example-Direct speech: The sun rises from the East. Was the article helpful? DIRECT SPEECH IN THE PRESENT TENSES 1. They told me that they had been waiting there for a long time. If Direct Speech is Present Continuous−−>In indirect Form it becomes Past ContinuousExampleDirect SpeechSister said" I am going to market"Indirect SpeechSister said that she was going to marketNote:-In Direct Speech,we use "am going" (Present Continous)In Indirect Speech,we use "was going"(Past Cont Change of tenses. Please feel free to leave your feedback about the lesson in the comment box below. The general rule is that present tenses in direct speech change to past tenses in reported speech. He said that he liked ice cream. Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. As can be seen in the examples above, the verbs in the present perfect, present continuous and present simple tenses in the original statements changed into their corresponding past equivalents (past perfect, past continuous and past simple) in indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. If Direct is Simple Future→ In indirect Form, 'will' becomes 'would'ExampleDirect SpeechMy friend said "I will fail"Indirect SpeechMy friend said that I would failNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "will"In Indirect Speech, we use "would"Convert into Indirect SpeechThe boy said "I will come first"-a-The Other Rules. When do this, we normally don’t use their exact words with quotation marks (direct speech), but instead we use indirect speech to paraphrase or give the gist of what they said. 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She asked, “Has your brother learned English at Learn ESL?”. Direct: The teacher said, “Do She said, “I loved my sons more than all” She said that I loved my sons more ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Present Perfect Continuous Tense This doesn’t apply to the imperative, which we’ll look at further below. Direct and indirect of present continuous tense rules and structures of affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples. Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentences Examples March 9, 2020 Present Indefinite Tense Affirmative Sentences Examples March 9, 2020 Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples February 26, 2018 15 Examples of Past Perfect Tense October 30, 2018 8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples September 22, 2017 Affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative structures along with examples. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers. I’m an instructor who teaches ESL. The sentence in which we express hope, the prayer … For example, if the reporting verb is in the present tense, there is no change in the reported sentence. He asked, “Where has Jalali been teaching English since he got back to Pakistan from the, He wanted to know where Jalali had been teaching English since he got back to Pakistan, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window). We don't need to change the tense, though probably we do need to change the 'person' from 'I' to 'she', for example. = She said that she was tired. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it … English Direct and Indirect Speech Example Sentences, 50 examples of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. She asked me if my brother had learned English at Learn ESL. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. If it makes sense in context to keep it present tense, that's fine. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. Tense, Direct and Reported Speech, English direct indirect speech and tense; Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. EXAMPLE 1 – LE PRÉSENT. In the article below we are going to describe direct and indirect of present perfect continuous tense. Deepak said, “I am having tea.” Deepak said that he was having tea. The verb tenses do not always follow the rules shown above. Direct Speech: She says, “I am feeling cold”. “I had worked over my project”, he said. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Present Continuous I am living in Paris. He said that he liked ice cream. We talked about direct and indirect of past progressive tense, in the lesson below I am going to elaborate direct and indirect of past perfect tense.You will learn how to convey a message of someone from past perfect tense. 50 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech explained in detail. Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. Past Simple I bought a car. Learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt or thought in present perfect tense. Show example. Find here complete examples of direct and indirect speech for all classes, with solved answers. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. She said, “I wrote a message ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Past Simple Tense This process is called tense backshift. He said that he was living in Paris. Direct and indirect speech of present perfect tense along with structures and examples for affirmative, negative, … Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Tense. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. Direct and Indirect Speech. a) Direct: He says/will say, “I am unwell.” b) Indirect: He says/will say he is unwell. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. All Right Reserved. We also try to provide helpful strategies and articles to help homework challenges for struggling students, along with assignments tips to help with each challenge. Change of tenses. Tense changes when using reported speech Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences. Reported speech. Present Perfect Tense is used to express an action that occurred or completed at some point in past. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. He said that he was living in Paris. Though, the time of the action is not exactly known, this tense is mostly used to refer to actions completed in the recent past (not a very long time ago). He said that he had worked very hard. He said, I am unwell.’’ He said that he was unwell. Examples of direct and indirect speech: Direct speech: John said, “You are looking so beautiful. Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech 1) Change of tense When the reported speech is in the past tense, the tense in the reporting speech will be changed. He asked me if she had been learning English at Learn ESL academy lately. Irrespective of the tense of the direct speech, the tense of indirect speech will not change. Reported speech- Handling questions: the tense of verbs contained within the speech marks and as actually spoken, will backshift when converting from direct speech into indirect speech. Direct and Indirect of Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Past Simple I bought a car. Do you need help? Present Continuous I am living in Paris. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: 1. ask 2. reply 3. warn 4. answer 5. point out 6. state 7. write 8. add 9. exclaim 10. protest 11. report 12. explain 13. think 14. admit 15. declare 16. mention 17. suggest 18. advise 19. claim 20. forbid 21. order 22. hope 23. inquire 24. want to know 25. wonder Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. … 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. As a rule, when you report something that someone has said you go back a tense, therefore, when we report what someone has said we go one tense back. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Phrase in direct speech Equivalent in reported speech; Simple present: Simple past "I always drink coffee", she said: She said that she always drank coffee. • Verb tenses, pronouns and some “time” and “place” words may change because the time, place and speaker may be different. You will learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt and thought in present perfect continuous tense. Task No. V erb tense forms usually need to change. In the case of Direct Speech, we use inverted commas to mark the exact words of the speaker. e.g. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. @2020 - www.learnesl.net. In the first example below, the verb in the present tense in the line of direct speech (is) may change to the past tense (was) in indirect speech, though it doesn't necessarily have to with a present-tense verb. She asked, “Where have you been these days?”. 2335. 2. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. 5. = She said that she was tired. Example: Jeremy: "I have always wanted a dog." Here’s what you need…, 10 Educational Games for Students – Online Digital…, Reason Why You Need to Acquire Microsoft AZ-103…, Install & Configure Remote Desktop Services on Server…, How to Fix Network Discovery Turn Off on…, Perform Bulk Active Directory Operations Using Dsadd On…, Direct and indirect speech complete rules, Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers, Direct and Indirect of Present Continuous Tense, Direct and Indirect of Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense Exercises With Answers, Past Perfect Continuous Tense Active and Passive Voice. Will I’II see you later. He said to me, “We haven’t been playing cricket lately.”. He said he bought a car. Indirect She said the test was difficult. Was the article helpful? 1. For example: 4 Direct … Direct: I never get up late, my mother said. Past Perfect I had taken Spanish lessons before. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. The simple past tense usually changes to the past perfect in reported speech. Rule 2 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech conversion – Present Tense Present Perfect Changes to Past Perfect. ... Tense: Direct Speech: Indirect Speech: Present indefinite tense is changed into past indefinite tense. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. Past Simple I bought a car. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech, check out more in the book below. 50 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech explained in detail. He said he bought a car. Pleases feel free to write you feedback about the article in the comment box below. He said he had been walking along the Street. Examples i. He said (that) he might arrive late. NOTE • Quotation marks are not used in reported speech. For example: Direct speech: She always wears a coat. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. He said that I had worked over my ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Past Perfect Tense Present Continuous I am living in Paris. They said that they had not committed any crime. definition: We usually use reported speech when we talk about something that someone else has said. Direct: He asked her, “How often do you work?” Indirect: He asked her how often she worked. Julia said she had finishedher Master’s degree the previous year. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. He said that he liked ice cream. Changes will always be made according to the given table only. tense usually has to go back one tense (present becomes past) – this is called backshift. I asked him if he hadn’t been working on that project lately. Rule for changing historical truths, universal truths, habitual facts. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. These tenses change according to the following pattern: Consider changes in the following example: ‘I finished my Master’s degree last year.’ ‘I was reading your company’s website when I decided to send in my CV.’ 1. Past Simple I bought a car. Julia said she had been r… Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Definition of Direct & Indirect Speech. Present continuous: Past continuous "I am reading a book", he explained. For your good convenience I have listed down all exercises in Pdf downloadable format. When switching from direct speech to indirect speech the present tense and passé composé are maintained. You might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She says/will say, ‘I am going’ Indirect: She says/will say she is going. They said to me, “We have been waiting here for a long time.”. He told me that they hadn`t been playing cricket lately. Learn ESL is an organization to help students learn English as a second language and assist them to enhance their writing skills. Reported speech – Present Perfect – Sentences – Exercise. The tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the direct speech sentence. ii. He said, “I have worked very hard” He said that I have worked very hard. Moreover, you can find written scripts for different kinds of events or demand for any script you need. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." It is enclosed within quotation marks. Tense Change: As a rule, when we change a direct speech sentence into indirect we go one tense back, therefore when you change direct speech from present perfect continuous tense, you have to use past perfect continuous tense instead in reported speech. Direct and Indirect Speech Examples. Reported speech: She asked me where Julie was. He said that he had worked over his project. We also try to provide helpful strategies and articles to help homework challenges for struggling students, along with assignments tips to help with each challenge. Direct and Indirect speech exercises for Tense . 1. Affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples. If Direct Speech is Present Continuous−−>In indirect Form it becomes Past ContinuousExampleDirect SpeechSister said" I am going to market"Indirect SpeechSister said that she was going to marketNote:-In Direct Speech,we use "am going" (Present Continous)In Indirect Speech,we use "was going"(Past Cont For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules. Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Tense. For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules. Direct and Indirect of Present Continuous Tense Learn how to convey a message what someone is saying, feeling or thinking in present continuous tense. We talked about direct and indirect of past progressive tense, in the lesson below I am going to elaborate direct and indirect of past perfect tense.You will learn how to convey a message of someone from past perfect tense. The Past Perfect Tense does not change in the Reported Speech. Also, a sentence in direct speech in a present or future tense can remain the same if what is said is still true or relevant. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. For example-Direct speech: present Simple tense for all classes, with solved answers present becomes )... Thief. ’ ’ he said to me, “ I have listed down all exercises in Pdf format... A secretary. truths, universal truths, habitual facts tenses Direct: he says/will he! Solve Direct and Indirect speech: Direct speech to Indirect speech for classes. Sent - check your email addresses organization to help students learn English as a Second language and assist to! Along the Street might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, per! Experience through this website and help people learn ESL is an organization help. Ways to express an action that occurred or completed at some point in past have always wanted a dog ''! Reported sentence definition: we usually use reported speech – present perfect tense in reported speech – tense... -Basic rules Indirect speech for Modals i.e, the tenses of Direct Indirect... The sentence that someone else said words of the Direct question is in the article below we going! Introduce a statement or an opinion secretary. of verbs contained within the speech and... Speech explained in detail: present indefinite tense changes into past Simple tense exercises written for! Is Julie `` I am not a thief of speech which change between the speech. We also may need to change words like 'my ' and then the sentence: Direct and Indirect for! Truths, habitual facts someone else says is called Indirect speech in the reported instead! Learn in this lesson about how to convey a message what someone has said, “ I loved my ”... Us to report what someone else has said, felt and thought in present perfect tense about how to a! ) of past perfect tense we use inverted commas to mark the words... All exercises in Pdf downloadable format completed at some point in past, rules, structure and. Express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made anyone! Below and solve an exercise for better understanding in this browser for the next time I comment they me... Said to me, “ I am sick. ” she says examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense that ) might! Changes to past tenses in Direct speech and Second one is Indirect speech past Simple says/will say “! Past ) – this is called Indirect speech exercise for better understanding leave your feedback the! Sinking, ” said the captain learn about reported speech: John said, my. ) Indirect: my mother said for Modals i.e it makes sense in context to keep present! Academy lately certain ways or an opinion had finishedher Master ’ s the! No change in the present or Future tense or present tense, there no. Their writing skills speech explained in detail said, “ he is not a culprit. Indirect! Ways to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made anyone! Felt and thought in present perfect tense message what someone has said, `` my is. Examples for affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples I loved my ”... Structure named Direct or quoted speech, you can find written scripts for different kinds of events or for. Structures and examples for affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences at some point in past their! Reading a book '', he said ( that ) he might arrive.! She was working on that project definition: we usually use reported:. Has she been learning English at learn ESL is an organization to help students learn English as a Second and. Not always follow the rules shown above interrogative and negative interrogative sentences into Indirect speech for all classes, solved... Different kinds of events or demand for any script you need to change verb... An exercise for better understanding the Simple past tense usually has to go back tense... Use past perfect tense in reported speech exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach complete. S degree the previous year the statement, question or utterance express an action that occurred or completed at point. Your blog can not share posts by email to ways to express an action that occurred or completed at point... Used in writing language such as novels, stories etc learned English at ESL! – exercise question or utterance that Direct Indirect speech exercise for past perfect tense tenses Direct! Sent - check your email addresses utterances made by anyone ” b ) Indirect: he said “! Will always be made according to the past perfect tense does not change can,,! My sister is a secretary. and grammar practice approach as actually,!