Blaufränkisch goes by the name Burgund Mare in Romania, where most of the variety's 891 hectares (2,202 acres) are located in the southern wine regions of Ştefăneşti and Dealu Mare. Dr. Zweigelt also crossed Blaufränkisch with Blauer Portugieser to produce Blauburger, with August Herold using the same pairing to produce Heroldrebe in 1929 at the Weinsberg research center in Baden-Württemberg. In 1875, the International Ampelographic Commission in Colmar, France adopted Blaufränkisch as an officially sanctioned name. [7] For a long time before the application of DNA analysis, Blaufränkisch was erroneously thought to be a clone of the Gamay grape variety, due to certain similarities in morphology and possibly due to its name Gamé in Bulgaria. It’s a valid discussion. Additional plantings are found in New Mexico, Virginia, Rhode Island, Maryland, Michigan, Montana, Colorado and the greater Southeastern New England AVA.[2]. Michelle, makes a Washington Blaufränkisch that he labels under the proprietary name "Blue Franc" to avoid using the names Lemberger or Blaufränkisch which have also not fared well among consumers. [10] The Mittelburgenland is considered ideal for the grape due to the dry warm winds from the east across the Pannonian Plain, and the sheltering influence of the hill regions to the north, south and west of the region. The wines labelled as Leithaberg DAC display consistent mineral characters and are relatively full-bodied, with declared alcohol levels of 12.5% to 13.5% by volume. It comprises a crossing between St. Laurent and Blaufränkisch Blaufränkisch (German for blue Frankish) is a dark-skinned variety of grape used for red wine. This is above average in popularity for wines from Burgenland. Blaufrankisch + Zweigelt. Also at Weinsberg, Blaufränkisch was crossed with Dornfelder to produce Acolon, and with Cabernet Sauvignon to produce both Cabernet Cubin and Cabernet Mitos in 1970. The finish was surprisingly dry and tannic. So similar in fact that for years it was thought to be the Gamay, and in Hungary it is still called the Gamé today. [8], Blaufränkisch is considered a high productive vine capable of producing high yields fairly easily. These two varieties share plenty of characteristics stylistically. [8], In the Eisnberg DAC of the southern Südburgenland, the grape is grown in iron-rich soils and tends to produce a distinctive varietal style. It is a late ripening variety, and tends to be planted in warmer vineyard sites. Two years later they crossed the grape with Muscat Bouschet, (an offspring of Petit Bouschet), to produce Magyarfrankos. All the wines are Resulting wines are … The red Leithaberg DAC is produced using Blaufränkisch as the principal grape variety, yet up to 15 percent of the blend may contain Zweigelt, St. Laurent or Pinot Noir. Blaufrankisch is responsible for some of Austria's most important red wines, while Zweigelt – an offspring of Blaufrankisch – is the country's most planted red variety. The blend's home is the flat, warm area of Burgenland in southeast Austria, where warm winds from Hungary make the vineyards suitable for red wine cultivation. The unoaked styles tend to be lighter bodied while the oaked versions tend to be more fuller bodied. Some winemakers have taken the approach of California winemaker Jed Steele who, in partnership with Chateau Ste. Trade The majority of Blaufrankisch grape is cultivated in the region of Kunsag, where it is only cultivated for the purpose of exporting. Blaufrankisch – Zweigelt wines are often complemented by the addition of Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot, both of which provide weight to the finished wines. [8], In Hungary, the grape is known as Kékfrankos (literally "Blue Frankish") and Nagyburgundi. It was created in 1922 by Dr Friedrich Zweigelt. 35% is white with Grüner Veltliner, Pinot Blanc and Sauvignon being the mainstay, 65% from Blaufränkisch, Pinot Noir, Zweigelt and even some Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. At one time it was believed that Blaufränkisch was a cloneof the Gamay grape of Beaujolais, due in part to the prevalence of the synonym Gamé used in Bulgaria, and perhaps because it was thought that there was a parent-offspring relationship between the two. It really tastes like the place it grows on," says Martin Nittnaus, who helms his family's namesake winery. Blaufränkisch – Zweigelt is a blend made from Austria's … For her first Blaufränkisch she selects from different vineyard sites in Halbturn and Gols; the vines average 15 years old. How Wine-Searcher Works In some parts of Europe it is not uncommon to see it harvested at 100 hectoliters/hectare (approx 5.3 ton/acre). Blaufränkisch. In Bulgaria, for many years the Blaufränkisch plantings in the country, known as Gamé, were thought to be the Gamay noir grape grown in the Beaujolais wine region of France until DNA evidence proved that it was in fact Blaufränkisch. In Canada, Lemberger is found in several planting in the Niagara Peninsula DVA. It's perfectly fitting that Austrian/ Germanic grape varieties grow at Hahndorf Hill Winery, as our boutique vineyard is located at the edge of historic Hahndorf village, the oldest-surviving German settlement in Australia. Both have fine tannins, red fruit characters and some spice, but Zweigelt tends to be more vibrant, and Blaufrankisch more brooding, contributing structure, acidity and tannin to the blend. One of Austria's greatest red grapes but also found throughout central and eastern Europe, the Bläufrankisch is a productive and popular varietal similar to the Gamay grape in France. In Hungary the grape is called Kékfrankos (also lit. ; Winery of the year Organic wine estate Roland and Karin Lenz; Fine & Rare Investment vs. Genuss – Ankauf & Verkauf; Promotions Smaller price – Greater pleasure; Producers worldmap Dive into the … The grape does have the potential to have high tannins and acidity levels which can be moderated by harvest decisions and some oak aging. Site Map The grape has a long history in Washington State, where it known mostly as Lemberger. There are more than 8,000 hectares (19,770 acres) of the variety planted throughout the country, particularly around Sopron near the Austrian border of Burgenland, and Eger and Kunság in central Hungary. Blaufränkisch was previously widely-planted throughout the Habsburg Monachy, and is the most important variety in Mittelburgenland, called Blaufränkischland, and the Mittelburgenland DAC is a region of typicity for the variety and an ambassador for its unique terroir. 2009 Claus Preisinger “Pannobile”: This garnet-colored blend of 60% Zweigelt and 40% Blaufränkisch smelled of dark fruit and iron. Historical ampelographic sources have provided very solid evidence that the geographic area of origin of the variety is Lower Styria (today Slovenian Styria). The hilly Eisenberg … Central European vine producing lively, fruity, sometimes peppery reds with sufficient substance in the best Burgenland examples to be worth oak ageing, or blending with Cabernet and/or Pinot Noir. [8], Despite the close association to Franconia, ampelographers believe that the grape likely originated somewhere in a swath of land stretching from Dalmatia through Austria and Hungary. Wine with Bratwurst blue Frankish) and is grown in a number of wine regions including Sopron, Villány, Szekszárd, and Eger (where it is a major ingredient in the famous red wine blend known as Egri Bikavér (lit. [8], In the Carnuntum area located between Vienna and the Neusiedlersee, the slate-based soils near the city of Spitzerberg are also home to some Blaufränkisch plantings. The grape was a favorite of Dr. Walter Clore, the "father of Washington wine". Producers in the Burgenland tend to delineate light bodied, unoaked Blaufränkisch wines to the Mittleburgenland DAC Classic, while labeling more full bodied, oaked styles as Burgenland DAC Reserve. The wine had an aroma dominated by iron, and lots of red fruit on the palate. [11] It is grown only in the Moravian wine subregions due to its late-ripening nature. Here are a few pairing ideas for best food with Blaufränkisch:. [8], In Austria, Blaufränkisch tends to produce deeply colored wines with dark fruit aromas, peppery spice notes and moderate to high acidity. After maceration and fermentation in stainless steel, gentle pump-overs, and a gentle pressing, Walter ages the entry level wines in large 2000 liter casks and the reserve wines, including Dornenvogel Zweigelt, in barrique for 12 months. In general, Blaufränkisch is picked later than Zweigelt and has thicker skins; versaison is about 1 week later. © 2020 Wine-Searcher™ All rights reserved. [8], Outside the Burgenland, 807 hectares (1,994 acres) of Blaufränkisch were planted in the Neusiedlersee region, and 962 hectares (2,377 acres) were planted in the Neusiedlersee-Hügelland region in the hill country bordering the lake. Blaufränkisch – Zweigelt is a blend made from Austria's two signature red grape varieties. Blaufränkisch is a red grape that produces quality wines throughout Austria, where it’s the second-most planted red grape after Zweigelt.The best Blaufränkisch wines are “beautifully balanced, with smoky, spicy fruit flavors, winning textures and a rippling acidity” that make them seem “juicy, savory and refreshing,” writes wine … [8][17], Blaufränkisch grapes growing in Burgenland, Austria, Districtus Austriae Controllatus and wine styles, Offspring and relationship to other varieties, Blue Frankish – A Great Wine By Any Name, J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz, "Alpen Cellars - LEMBERGER / BLAUFRANKISH", "The "missing link" 'Blaue Zimmettraube' reveals that 'Blauer Portugieser' and 'Blaufränkisch' originated in Lower Styria", Wein-Plus Wein-Glossar: Blaufränkischland, Wine of Czech Republic: Statistics & Charts, Washington's Unsung Wine Needs a Name Change, Wine Pick of the Week: 2001 Kiona Lemberger, WINE TALK; And Now for Something a Little Different, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blaufränkisch&oldid=982725372, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, modra frankinja, Lemberger, Blauer Limberger, Frankovka (Franconia), Kékfrankos, Gamé, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 22:59. Together, they create a medium-bodied wine with peppery, cherried overtones and good structure. Sign Up, Based on search frequency, updated monthly, To see how Wine-Searcher uses average pricing and professional wine critic scores on this page, At the Red Wine Estate MORITZ the Zweigelt still is equally treated as our Komet. Here the grape has been used to produce a variety of styles from light bodied claret-style blends, higher bodied more alcoholic "Zinfandel-like" wines to port style fortified wines. [8], In Italy, the grape is known as Franconia Nera, with 127 hectares (310) planted mostly in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia wine regions of the Friuli Isonzo and Friuli Latisana Denominazione di origine controllata. The vast majority of these plantings are in the Burgenland region of eastern Austria. He named it Rotburger because of its birthplace in Klosterneuburg, but due to occasional confusion with the Riesling/Trollinger cross Rotberger (u vs. e), Austrian wine pioneer Lenz Moser … [2][8], The grape can be found across the United States, from the Finger Lakes, Cayuga Lake, Hudson River Region and Long Island AVAs in New York, where it often blended with Cabernet franc, to California, (particularly the Lodi and Temecula Valley AVAs) and Washington State. The almost identical name Limberger refers to Limburg at Maissau in Lower Austria, where in the late 19th century "ungrafted Limberg Blaufränkisch vines" (wurzelechte Limberger Blaufränkisch-Reben) were offered for sale. Neusiedlersee Reserve wines can be pure Zweigelt or a blend consisting of at least 60% Zweigelt, with the remainder made up of indigenous varieties. [8], Blaufränkisch, known here as Frankovka, is the second most widely grown red grape variety in the Czech Republic. The cellar is equipped with a vacuum distillation machine (cost €55K), which can concentrate smaller batches than a reverse osmosis unit without the need to settle. [8], In Croatia, the nearly 880 hectares (2,175 acres) of Blaufränkisch, known as Frankovka, represent around 2.7% of all Croatian vineyard plantings. Though blaufränkisch was widely said to be Austria’s best red grape, back then I preferred the more widely planted zweigelt, which had a lithe energy that blaufränkisch rarely possessed. The variety of Blue Frankish is spread in two wine-growing regions Podravje and Posavje. More Info: 2015 Hopler Pannonica Red. Despite its French name, it has been speculated that Gouais blanc has Eastern European origins, with the term "Heunisch" thought to derive from the Huns, and Gouais blanc being confirmed as a parent variety of another old Hungarian wine grape Furmint, but ultimately the exact birthplace of both Gouais blanc and Blaufränkisch are unknown. It produces soft and fruity wines that are generous with flavors of cherries, herbs, and spice, and features medium-weight and fresh acidity, making it an ideal wine for the table. Red wines, especially Zweigelt and blaufränkisch, play the leading roles at Weingut Glatzer. [9], In food and wine pairings, Blaufränkisch/Lemberger are often paired with lamb dishes and grilled meats. [8] In the Eger region, Kékfrankos has displaced Kadarka in several modern incarnations of Egri Bikaver (Bull’s Blood).[2]. However, in the 21st century DNA evidence showed that Blaufränkisch was an offspring of Gouais blanc and an unknown parent, making it a … A few years ago, there was a big debate amongst various parties in the wine industry here in the Finger Lakes – about this very subject: What’s the Flagship red? Privacy Policy In fact, growers in a small area at the northern end of Lake Neuseidl have banded together and formed an unofficial appellation called "Pannobile"; red wines must be made from Blaufrankisch, Zweigelt or Saint-Laurent, either varietally or as part of a blend. They base this belief on the proliferation of synonyms originating from these areas as well as DNA evidence showing that the old Hungarian wine grape Kékfrankos was, in fact, Blaufränkisch, and that Gouais blanc (Weisser Heunisch) and an unknown grape variety are the parent varieties of Blaufränkisch. In Spain, some experimental plantings of Blaufränkisch are found in the Spanish wine region of Málaga and Sierras de Málaga, where a German-descended winemaker is making varietal wines under the synonym Lemberger. [14], At one time it was believed that Blaufränkisch was a clone of the Gamay grape of Beaujolais, due in part to the prevalence of the synonym Gamé used in Bulgaria, and perhaps because it was thought that there was a parent-offspring relationship between the two. Blaufränkisch has recently been making strides in New Jersey, specifically in the Outer Coastal Plain AVA, becoming a stand out grape for this region. [8] It is particularly common in Mittelburgenland, with 1,194 hectares (2,950 acres) planted in 2008, an area sometimes given the nickname "Blaufränkischland". An 1877 export of Lembergerreben to Germany has been recorded. Bull's Blood) having largely replaced the Kadarka grape). While it is the 2 nd most planted grape in Austria, it is not often found outside Austria. Both grapes are widely planted in this area, and can be found together in Leithaberg DAC wines, as well as in regional wines from Mittelburgenland and Neusiedlersee. In the Leithaberg DAC situated in the slate and limestone hills around the Leitha Mountains, Blaufränkisch must make up at least 85% of the blend, with St. Laurent, Zweigelt or Pinot noir permitted to round out the remaining portion. Other producers in Australia have recently planted Blaufränkisch and will soon be presenting their own versions. [8], The Blaufränkisch vine is known as an early budding variety that can be susceptible to early spring frost. Beginning in 2005, Austria created four DACs (its equivalent of France's AOC) in Burgenland; three of them are at the forefront of Blaufränkisch's revival. $44.96 / Bottle. Save 10% on … [♪♫ TSVAI-gelt ♪♫] What is this lovechild of Blaufränkisch and Sankt Laurent of Österreich and why is it a grill's best friend? $269.76 $242.78 / Case of 6. This delicious red wine is a 50/50 blend of Zweigelt and Blaufränkisch. Zweigelt? 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