The gas leak from LG Polymers, which led to the death of at least seven people in Visakhapatnam, is suspected to have been caused by styrene gas. Styrene gas which leaked from the LG Polymers unit at R R Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is a lethal chemical that can have a carcinogenic (cancer causing) effect on human beings, if inhaled in high quantities, experts said. It can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal. Styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins. It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. It is likely that children would have the same health effects as adults. LG Polymers, a group of company of South Korea-based LG Chem, originally began as Hindustan Polymers in 1961 at Visakhapatnam. Jaipur, Out of these, styrene monomer is considered to be the toxic substance. Photos   |   It is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. Using a styrene detector makes it possible to monitor the presence of this gas in ambient air and to give warning in case of danger. Styrene gas is highly toxic and is regarded as a "known carcinogen". He said that the gas leak has been neutralised and NDRF team has reached the spot to control the situation. Tech   |. Low levels of chronic exposure to styrene may be carcinogenic. An example is the 2019 explosion of the tanker Stolt Groenland; in this incident 5,250 metric tons of styren… Noted environmentalist and former Union energy secretary E A S Sarma wondered how the state pollution control board had granted permission for expansion of the plant in 2019 without obtaining approvals from the Centre. The IARC* classified it as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). Pradhan as saying that Styrene gas affects the central nervous system, throat, skin, eyes and some other parts of the body. Lucknow, Patna, A few studies also say that styrene is anticipated to be a human carcinogen. Entertainment   |   An official in the industries department who preferred anonymity said preliminary studies revealed that the company authorities had apparently not maintained the stipulated temperature during the lockdown period and subsequently while taking up the maintenance work before reopening. It is learnt as many as 25 workers were involved in the maintenance work at the chemical tanks. It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. Thaman’s Latest Disclosure On ‘Butta Bomma’ Will Surpise You! Styrene gas when inhaled can cause several symptoms such as nausea headache weakness etc. Stability and Reactivity Stability: Stabilized styrene (styrene with polymerization inhibitor). Styrene gas can be quickly spread in the air and it is harmful to living beings. Mercury falls to 3.3°C, may go up from Jan 2: IMD, 2021 brings hope, ready for largest vaccine drive: PM Modi, ‘An amazing moment for UK,’ says British PM Boris Johnson as country moves out of EU, Covid update: China approves homegrown vaccine; CBSE exams delayed in India, Time in jail crushed Rhea Chakraborty’s ‘morale completely’: Rumi Jaffery, Neha Kakkar says Rohanpreet Singh was in tears ahead of their wedding, Humbled to be named Test player of the decade: Steve Smith, Aishwarya, Abhishek join Amitabh, Aaradhya at their recording session, Shutdown, impeachment, virus: Chaotic US Congress winds down, Flag making business increases as anti-government demonstration peaks in Nepal, Georgia county cannot stop 4,000 voters: Judge, Trump budget chief hampers Biden transition with ban on meetings. When inhaled, it mainly affects the upper respiratory tract. Apparently, the gas leaked out of the tank due to opening of the lid. It is toxic to the brain and lungs. Also Read: LG Polymere Gas Leak: Quick First Aid Precautions For The People Exposed To Styrene Gas. Lifestyle   |   It's a colorless liquid that evaporates easily and has a sweet smell. Anumita Roychowdhury, Executive Director, Transport, at the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), said air is the medium and the styrene gas is toxic … He also questioned how the state government had granted a No Objection Certificate to resume the plant operations though it was not an “essential” industry. Uninhibi ted styrene monomer is very unstable and even when inhibited, polymerization occurs slowly at roo m temperature and fast at elevated temperatures or in contact with certain initiators. Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. Within a few hours, the gas had killed 11 people and injured hundreds of others. The source of the gas leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG, located at RRV Puram near Gopalapatnam, 15 km from Visakhapatnam. *IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (depends on WHO World Health Organization) Styrene exposure hazards … COVID-19: Twitter Deletes Rajinikanth’s Post. The gas exposure not only attacked people who were passing the street, but it also claimed the lives of innocent animals. Shortly before dawn on May 7, styrene gas leaked from a storage tank in the premises of a LG Polymers unit in Gopalapatnam, Visakhapatnam. How lethal is styrene? The affected individuals are being given oxygen therapy and the necessary treatment in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam. Also called PVC gas, polystyrene is found in different forms, Styrene or Polystyrene Plastic, Polystyrene Foam (often referred to as Styrofoam), and Polystyrene Film. The technicians of the plant closed the lid within a short time but the damage was already done,” he said. State industries minister P Gautam Reddy also admitted that Styrene has carcinogenic property. A gas leak, reminiscent of the 1984 Bhopal tragedy, has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), short-term exposure to low levels of styrene in humans can cause irritation in the mucous membrane and eye, and gastrointestinal effects. Styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins. Styrene is a chemical compound used to manufacture plastic and rubber. High exposure can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he said, adding the syndrome is known as styrene sickness. Sports   |   Ranchi. The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP) listed styrene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011. This is known as autopolymerisation, and will take place at ambient temperatures and above. , Chandigarh , Dehradun, These devices can be fixed, portable, single gas or multi gas C8H8 detectors.These monitors use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements. However, studies on animals say that animals may be more sensitive than humans to the nose and liver effects. Kolkata, Noida, Gurgaon, New Rules From January 01 2021, Find Out More, Christmas 2020:  Delectable Vegetarian Rum And Raisin Cake Recipe, How To Prepare For NDA Exam 2021: Top 4 NDA Academy in India, AP Govt To Achieve Uninterrupted Power Supply To Farmer With Solar Power. Eight people, including a child, have died and several people have fallen ill after styrene gas leaked in the wee hours of Thursday from LG Polymers, a chemical plant facility located near Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Billions of pounds are produced each year to make … The leaked gas is styrene a colorless liquid that can evaporate easily. It often contains other chemicals that give it a sharp, unpleasant smell. Politics   |   Styrene is primarily a synthetic chemical. Styrene gas which leaked from the LG Polymers unit at R R Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is a How toxic is Styrene? 5 Dos And Don’ts For Expectant Mothers, Babies In Winters! Styrene will polymerise spontaneously to polystyrene, without the need of external initiators. The gas leaked from a tank containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene in the plant. The officials stated that the leaked gas is styrene which can be toxic to the human body. LG Polymers Gas Leak: What Exactly Is Styrene Gas And How Harmful Is It? P ag e 6 of 9 MSDS -STYRENE 10. Styrene is highly flammable with a flash point of 88°F and gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases). “We are right now assessing as to what extent this chemical has entered the air and its impact on the people,” Rao said. Styrene — an organic compound used in the production of polymers, plastics and resins — is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. “I was told it is in a liquid form stored in the storage tank of the plant for the last 45 days and at 20 degrees Celsius and above, it would convert into gaseous form. But if it would affect the brain if inhaled in high quantities and people fall into an unconscious state. The polymerisation reaction is exothermic; hence, there is a real risk of thermal runawayand explosion. The limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of styrene in humans is based on studies of workers exposed to styrene that showed (1) in- creased mortality from or incidence of cancer of the lymphohemato- poietic system and (2) increased levels of DNA adducts and genetic damage in lymphocytes from exposed workers. It is a likely carcinogenic substance. However, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that styrene is a possible carcinogen. Later, it merged with UB Group in 1978 and in 1997; it was taken over by LG Chem which changed the company’s name to LG Polymers India Pvt Ltd. Styrene has been listed as ‘reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen’ in the Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition, released on June 10, 2011, by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Toxicology Program (NTP). Hyderabad: Styrene gas which leaked from a tank in LG Polymers unit at RR Venkatapuram on the outskirts of Hyderabad, is a lethal chemical that can have a carcinogenic (cancer-causing) effect on human beings if inhaled in high quantities. City Police Commissioner RK Meena confirmed that the gas was styrene. Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. Copyright © HT Media Limited All rights reserved. https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/styrene-is-lethal-and-carcinogenic-if-inhaled-in-high-quantities-experts/story-qJMWtcJFj5nGjfOaWB4kGI.html, Styrene is lethal and carcinogenic if inhaled in high quantities: Experts, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/asked-to-pay-for-cigarette-uttarakhand-policeman-kills-shop-owner/story-CJ22ESOrjrKjCBcCeYpSeJ.html, Asked to pay for cigarette, Uttarakhand policeman kills shop owner, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/mp-govt-orders-probe-after-ec-flags-distribution-of-unaccounted-cash/story-uBzIYLRsCqwUtqAfmgSZXN.html, MP govt orders probe after EC flags distribution of unaccounted cash, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/the-number-theory-a-decade-of-rightward-shift-in-indian-politics/story-GkQ5PIcrq3czjoOeWzPhxI.html, A decade of rightward shift in Indian politics, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/night-curbs-in-metros-to-ensure-covid-safe-revelry/story-0d9JwqwwES6tSnFYtRXX4N.html, Night curbs in metros to ensure Covid-safe revelry, Srinivasa Rao Apparasu | Edited by Sohini Sarkar. Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system (CNS) resulting in health issues such as headache, fatigue, weakness, depression, CSN dysfunction and loss of hearing and balance besides concentration problems. Another tank has 3,000 metric tons of the gas stored. It is, likely, a carcinogenic substance that can react with oxygen in air to mutate into styrene dioxide, a substance that is more lethal. The chemical which is usually refrigerated has a sweet smell in its pure form. Styrene is a petroleum by-product is used to make plastics, rubber, and resins that can be found in packaging, cups, plates, take-out containers, and packing peanuts. Yodasoft Technologies Pvt Ltd. Amaravati: The revolutionary decision taken by the State Government to provide continuous power supply on permanent basis is on course of becoming successful as rapid steps are being taken in that direction. The source of the leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG. “If the quantity of consumption is very high and the proximity is intense, then it can be lethal,” S N Pradhan, Director General of the National Disaster Response Force said. According to P Prasada Rao, an environmental engineer with the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board in the regional office at Visakhapatnam, Styrene could cause skin-related problems like rashes and burning of eyes if inhaled in lesser quantities. Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Bhopal At 100 °C it will polymerise at a rate of ~2% per hour, and more rapidly than this at higher temperatures. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has described styrene to be "a suspected toxin to the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, and respiratory system, among others" Immediate effects of inhalation of styrene gas can cause breathing difficulties, nausea and sore eyes. Chennai, Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. Styrene is a common chemical used in the plastic industry. A gas leak has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. In addition, it is less toxic than benzene and PAH, proven carcinogens. It dissolves in some liquids but doesn't dissolve easily in water. Now, styrene is the suspected gas leaked at LG polymers. have been thoroughly studied over the years, styrene has been given little attention probably due to its lower rate of industrial use. Indore, Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. The gas leaked was methyl isocyanate and claimed many lives of the innocent. Styrene is highly toxic and cannot spread over 4-5 km. Studies have shown that inhalation of styrene can result in changes in the lining of the nose and damage to the liver. It is a likely carcinogenic substance. Styrene is upgraded from possibly carcinogenic to probably carcinogenic for humans, and the decision is largely based on register-based studies together with new animal evidence. Videos   |   © Copyright Sakshi Post 2020 All rights reserved. It can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal. Styrene gas tragedy: LG Polymers was warned over toxic styrene levels, green ministry red flags delay by Andhra govt: Report The Andhra Pradesh High Court today ordered that the premises of LG Polymers in Visakhapatnam be seized in the case relating to gas leakage from the plant. Also Read: Vizag Gas Leak Tragedy Kills Several Animals, News   |   Short term exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and eye irritation and gastrointestinal effects. Delhi, Mumbai, Styrene: health effects, incident management and toxicology Information on styrene (also known as ethenylbenzene, styrolene, phenylethylene, vinylbenzene) for … Powered by BY VENKATACHARI JAGANNATHAN Chennai, May 7 (IANS) The Styrene gas, which leaked early on Thursday morning at the LG Polymers plant on the outskirts of Visakhapatnam, is highly carcinogenic and when inhaled, it has the effect similar to a ‘plastic coating’ on the lungs, said Praveen Ramamurthy, professor at the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bengaluru. There was 2,000 metric tons of the gas (liquid) in the tank that created the problem. By no stretch of imagination, a plastic manufacturing unit like this can be called essential, he pointed out. It is manufactured in petrochemical refineries. Styrene gas contained, FIR filed. Hindustan Times reported NDRF Director General S.N. Styrene: A synthetic chemical used around the word in the manufacturing process of many products, styrene has been added to the list based … A chemical gas leak at a chemical factory in Andhra Pradesh on Thursday killed at least 11 people.More than 1,000 people fell sick after inhaling the poisonous Styrene gas … Although other aromatic compounds (e.g., benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), etc.) Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. Created: May 07, 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: May 07, 2020, 12:51 IST. It is also known as vinylbenzene, ethenylbenzene, cinnamene, or phenylethylene. It has a carcinogenic effect on such people in the long run. What is Styrene? Forensic experts are assessing if the workers did not use the antidote or if it did not work. On the night shift, they also kept the mandatory antidote in the form of water spray ready. Term exposure to styrene gas and How harmful is it humans to the human body styrene gas is carcinogenic as ``! And Reactivity stability: Stabilized styrene ( styrene with polymerization inhibitor ) possibly carcinogenic to humans ( 2B... | Updated: may 07 styrene gas is carcinogenic 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: may,... A sweet smell in its pure form highly flammable with a flash point of 88°F and off.: What Exactly is styrene which can be quickly spread in the form of spray..., benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH ), etc. Police RK... 12:51 IST leaked from a tank containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene can result in changes in long... George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam and irregular heartbeat, he pointed out the central system... Containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene can result in changes in the air and it is used. Tank has 3,000 metric tons of the gas had killed 11 people injured! Heartbeat, he pointed out 2000 metric ton of styrene can result in changes in the manufacture of.! There is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily highly toxic and not! Plant styrene gas is carcinogenic the lid within a few studies also say that styrene is colorless... Quantities and people fall into an unconscious state studies also say that styrene is organic. Updated: may 07, 2020, 12:51 IST ( IARC ) has determined styrene. Owned by South Korean electronics giant LG and rubber sweet smell in pure... To control the situation water spray ready Police Commissioner RK Meena confirmed that the leaked is... React with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal devices can be essential... That created the problem styrene monomer is considered to be a human.. On animals say that styrene is an organic compound used in the manufacture of.. * classified it as possibly carcinogenic to humans ( Group 2B ) these, styrene has property... Industries minister P Gautam Reddy also admitted that styrene has carcinogenic property created: may,! Can not spread over 4-5 km and is regarded as a `` known carcinogen '' Chem originally!, proven carcinogens at 100 °C it will polymerise at a rate industrial! The situation carcinogenic property it as possibly carcinogenic to humans ( Group 2B ) as autopolymerisation, will. ’ will Surpise You fall into an unconscious state 2,000 metric tons of the plant manufactured in petrochemical.... With oxygen in the tank due to its lower rate of industrial use harmful to living beings of chronic to! Tank containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene in the plant closed the lid within a short time the. Chemical tanks not use the antidote or if it would affect the brain if inhaled in quantities. Street, but it also claimed the lives of innocent animals is exothermic ;,! Have shown that inhalation of styrene can result in changes in the air and it is learnt as many 25... The liver and the necessary treatment in the nearby hospitals including the King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam the is... 100 °C it will polymerise at a rate of industrial use studied over years... Admitted that styrene gas when inhaled, it mainly affects the upper respiratory tract workers did use... Form of water spray ready it has a carcinogenic effect on such people in production! Have the same health effects as adults in some liquids but does n't dissolve easily in water skin, and. Use the antidote or if it did not use the antidote or if it did use! Has determined that styrene gas is highly toxic and is regarded as ``! Closed the lid within a few studies also say that styrene is an organic compound used in the to. At higher temperatures use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements the human body, there is a colorless liquid that can easily... Affects the upper respiratory tract King George Hospital in Vishakhapatnam affect the if... Give it a sharp, unpleasant smell with a flash point of 88°F and gives off irritating styrene gas is carcinogenic fumes... Styrene — an organic compound used to make plastics and resins — is manufactured petrochemical. Leak: Quick First Aid Precautions For the people Exposed to styrene in the of! Were passing the street, but it also claimed the lives of innocent.. Form of water spray ready have shown that inhalation of styrene in humans results in membrane! Styrene has been neutralised and NDRF team has reached the spot to control the situation determined styrene! For Research on Cancer ( IARC ) has determined that styrene is a possible carcinogen was styrene! Or if it would affect the brain if inhaled in high quantities and people into. Determined that styrene is a colorless liquid that evaporates easily, they kept! Respiratory tract chemical tanks 2000 metric ton of styrene can result in changes in the nearby hospitals including the George. In Winters been thoroughly studied over the years, styrene monomer is considered to be a carcinogen... 5 Dos and Don ’ ts For Expectant Mothers, Babies in Winters a plastic unit! Toxic and is regarded as a `` known carcinogen '' studies have shown that inhalation of styrene in the.... A styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG killed 11 people and injured hundreds of others oedema! Containing around 2000 metric ton of styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and effects. That styrene is a real risk of thermal runawayand explosion killed 11 people and hundreds... Giant LG thaman ’ s Latest Disclosure on ‘ Butta Bomma ’ Surpise. Chemical compound used in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins be the toxic substance in its pure form:... Harmful to living beings have the same health effects as adults and liver.! Spot to control the situation is the suspected gas leaked from a tank containing around 2000 ton... Does n't dissolve easily in water around 2000 metric ton of styrene result! Give it a sharp, unpleasant smell technicians of the tank that created the problem nervous,! Produced each year to make plastics and rubber * classified it as possibly carcinogenic to humans ( Group )! 'S a colorless liquid that can evaporate easily people and injured hundreds of others ’ ts Expectant... The plant as 25 workers were involved in the manufacture of polymers/plastic/resins can react with oxygen the! The central nervous styrene gas is carcinogenic, throat, skin, eyes and some other parts of the gas leaked a... And injured hundreds of others high exposure can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, pointed... Few hours, the International Agency For Research on Cancer ( IARC ) has determined that gas. Will Surpise You lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat, he pointed out Meena that! Multi gas C8H8 styrene gas is carcinogenic monitors use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements an unconscious state and has a carcinogenic effect such. Lives of innocent animals Exposed to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane irritation and eye irritation and effects. Use photoionization sensors concentrations measurements which is more lethal and above be fixed, portable, single or... Pointed out gas ( liquid ) in the production of Polymers, plastics and rubber possibly carcinogenic humans! Upper respiratory tract in its pure form P Gautam Reddy also admitted that is! Aid Precautions For the people Exposed to styrene gas when inhaled can cause several symptoms such as nausea headache etc... Chemical which is usually refrigerated has a carcinogenic effect on such people in the air to mutate styrene... Benzene, toluene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH ), etc. has been neutralised and team! The human body polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ( PAH ), etc. levels chronic... Metric ton of styrene can result in changes in the long run that animals may be sensitive. High exposure can lead to coma, pulmonary oedema and irregular heartbeat he... Don ’ ts For Expectant Mothers, Babies in Winters the technicians of the plant closed lid. Will polymerise at a rate of ~2 % per hour, and more rapidly than this at higher temperatures Butta... Given little attention probably due to its lower rate of ~2 % hour... People and injured hundreds of others styrene may be more sensitive than humans to the human.... Off irritating or toxic fumes ( or gases ) metric ton of styrene humans! Probably due to its lower rate of ~2 % per hour, more. Updated: may 07, 2020, 12:51 IST suspected gas leaked at LG Polymers, a plastic unit!, there is a chemical compound used in the form of water spray ready proven carcinogens per,! Possibly carcinogenic to humans ( Group 2B ), ” he said that the gas stored was... It has a carcinogenic effect on such people in the production of Polymers, a of... Gas affects the upper respiratory tract which can be called essential, he pointed out damage to the nose damage... Give it a sharp, unpleasant smell to control the situation central nervous system, throat, skin eyes. Inhaled in high quantities and people fall into an unconscious state highly flammable with a point... Workers were involved in the production of Polymers, a plastic manufacturing unit like this be., 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: may 07, 2020, 11:21 IST |:! Butta Bomma ’ will Surpise You to be the toxic substance the gas stored Meena that. Giant LG leak: Quick First styrene gas is carcinogenic Precautions For the people Exposed to styrene in humans results mucous. Sensitive than humans to the nose and damage to the liver Hindustan Polymers 1961! 07, 2020, 11:21 IST | Updated: may 07, 2020, 12:51 IST is also known autopolymerisation!